What Are the Different Types of Gaskets?
The most common types of gaskets are:
- Gaskets used in piping (flange gaskets)
- Gaskets used in vehicles (cars, boats, planes, trains)
- Gaskets with certain material properties (cork, rubber paper etc.)
- Gaskets used for a particular function (for pressure, temperature, or chemical resistance)
- Bespoke or custom made gaskets
Gasket Types and Uses
Gaskets can be classified in many different ways, for example: by material, by function, or by application. A gasket is basically a part cut from a (usually) flexible material, which sits in between two other surfaces. Gaskets are typically manufactured from soft materials (such as rubber); and one of the most common uses is for sealing pipes to prevent the leakage of liquids. Gaskets also have certain other common applications, such as anti vibration and mounting.
Gasket Types by Material
Gaskets will inherit the properties of the materials from which they are manufactured. Gasket materials are used because of their resistance to certain chemicals (such as acids), or properties of being capable of withstanding extreme temperatures or pressures.
Common types of gaskets include:
Rubber is a soft gasket material. A wide range of elastomers can be used, such as neoprene, nitrile, EPDM and natural rubber. Rubber gaskets are used in a wide range of applications such as pipe gaskets, heat exchangers, and manways.
Non-asbestos gaskets are manufactured from a compressed fibre with an elastomer binding; and are used in many applications such as acid, steam, oil and water.